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"Scheherazade" Night Club / Good Deal for our Loyal Kalaun
« Last post by Alfred Keitzer on 10-Nov-2018, 17:27:13 pm »
I know how frustrating for some it can be to lose a Kaleun in combat. As we have so few members playing through this time around -- I am going to implement a change for this campaign.

When you lose a Kaleun in combat, your new replacement Kaleun will retain the rank, awards and points accumulated by his predecessor.

Now let's kick the Tommies out of the Atlantik.

"Scheherazade" Night Club / German History -- Of Reichs and Crowns
« Last post by Alfred Keitzer on 10-Nov-2018, 17:11:33 pm »
We are all familiar with the rise and fall of the Third Reich, but what were the other two Reichs?

The First Reich was also known as the Holy Roman Empire, which existed as a loose collection of various states covering portions of present-day France, Germany, Austria, Italy, Poland and other European countries from 800 to 1806.  The first emperor, Charlemagne (Charles the Great) was crowned emperor by Pope Leo III in Rome on Christmas Day 800, and this is normally seen as the founding of the Empire. Sometimes the year of 962 is used, when Otto I (Otto the Great) was crowned. Both dates are referenced because after Charlemagne and before Otto I, several kings ruled portions of the Holy Roman Empire simultaneously. The position of King (Römisch-deutscher König in German) or King of Germany (Germaniae Rex in Latin) was often an elective position voted on by the dukes and princes of the various states that made up the empire and the coronation was approved and typically performed by the Pope. The empire existed mostly in name only following the Peace of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years' War between Catholics and Protestants in 1648, but was not formally dissolved until 6 August 1806 when Emperor Franz II abdicated following the military defeat at the hands of the French under Napoleon at Austerlitz.

As with any empire of the time, it was customary to have a royal crown.  Crown jewels are typically only worn at the time of coronation of a new king or emperor (Kaiser in German) and then remain on display as a representation of the power of the king or emperor until the next coronation. The crown of the Holy Roman Empire was created in the late 10th or early 11th century and is quite famous. Today the crown of the First Reich resides at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna.

The Second Reich, also known as the Hohenzollern Empire (1871–1918), began with Wilhelm I of the Prussian House of Hohenzollen, after the successful Prussian Unification Wars against the countries of Denmark, Austria and France. Wilhelm I was already King of Prussia since 2 January 1861. During this coronation, the Crown of Prussia was used; considered to be much plainer than many other crowns of the time. Today, these Prussian Crown Jewels are on display in the Charlottenburg Palace in Berlin.

During the final days of the Prussian siege of Paris in January 1871, which ended the Franco-Prussian War, Wilhelm I was officially declared German Emperor at the Palace of Versailles.  No crown was used at this coronation as none existed for the State of Germany. A model for the new crown was drafted in 1871, but the actual crown was never created.  This design was very similar to the crown of the Holy Roman Empire.

Wilhelm I died in 1888, known as the year of the three kings. He was succeeded by Frederick III, who survived only three months before dying of cancer of the larynx. Frederick was then succeeded by Wilhelm II, who reigned from June 1888 until the end of the Second Reich in 1918, when he lost the support of the military at the end of the First World War and the Weimar Republic began.  Like his predecessors, Wilhelm II took the title of Emperor of Germany; King of Prussia and for his coronation used a crown commissioned by his own House of Hohenzollern. Known as the Hohenzollern Crown, it is not really considered a German State Crown. When Wilhelm II abdicated in 1918 he was permitted to retain the family jewels, which included the Hohenzollern crown. To protect it from theft and destruction during the Second World War, it was hidden in a wall in the crypt of a church. After the war it was returned to the Hohenzollern family and today resides at Hohenzollern Castle south of Stuttgart.

Following the abdication of Wilhelm II in 1918, the original model for the German State Crown was kept in the Hohenzollern museum at Schloss Monbijou, which sat on the east bank of the Spree River in Berlin across from Museum Island. Schloss Monbijou was heavily damaged during the war and the remains of the palace were finally demolished by the Russians in 1959.

Sometime during the Second World War, the original model of the German State Crown disappeared from the museum of Schloss Monbijou and has never been recovered. However, today the German State Crown exists as two stone spires atop the columns on either side of the entrance to the Reichstag building in Berlin. 

"Scheherazade" Night Club / Berlin History -- The Victory Column
« Last post by Alfred Keitzer on 10-Nov-2018, 17:04:32 pm »
Anyone who has studied Germany and Berlin is familiar with the Brandenburg Gate, which stands at the east end of the Tiergarten.  For those unfamiliar with the Tiergarten, it is a 520 acre forested park in the middle of downtown Berlin.  One of the main roads in Berlin passes east-west through the Tiergarten, whose original name was Charlottenburger Chaussee because it lead to the adjacent independent city of Charlottenburg just to the west of the Tiergarten.  Charlottenburg was named after Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, Queen consort of Prussia, and the city remained independent until 1920, when the area was incorporated as a borough of Berlin.

Far fewer are probably familiar with the Berlin Victory Column, which currently resides near the west end of the Tiergarten along the main drag approximately 2.5 kilometers from the Brandenburg Gate.

The Berlin Victory Column today looks much different from its original design, which was drafted shortly after 1864 to celebrate the Prussian victory in the Danish-Prussian War of that year.

Before construction on the monument could begin, the design was changed to celebrate the more recent Prussian victories against Austria (Austro-Prussian War of 1867) and France (Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71) in what became known as the Prussian Unification Wars.  In addition to changes in the original base, a column was added with three tiers representing each war. Surrounding each tier of the column were enemy cannons, taken from the battlefield after each victory, and plated in gold with an interwoven gold garland. 

At the top of the column was added the gold statue of Victoria.  It was very common in German art and statuary to represent the nation as a woman despite the common reference to the country as the Fatherland.  WAR (or national might) was often depicted as a woman with shield and sword; VICTORY as a woman in robes with the spear of victory in one hand and wreath of returning peace in the other; PEACE as a woman wearing the wreath but a weapon nearby as a sign of vigilance; MEMORIUM (or sorrow) as a bereaved woman holding an urn with the ashes of the dead who had fallen in defense of the nation, etc.

The very base of the Berlin Victory Column contains scenes of Prussians marching off to war and in battle, while the upper portion of the base contains mosaics representing the wars’ unification of Germany.

The column was originally erected 1500 meters (one Roman mile) in front of the German Reichstag building, where it remained until 1939.

The Third Reich’s chief architect, Albert Speer, who was given responsibility for the complete redesign of the Berlin capital (to be renamed Welthauptstadt {World Capital} Germania when complete) ordered the Victory Column moved to its current location and Charlottenburger Chaussee was renamed Victory Avenue during the Reich’s short reign.  The street circled the column and Speer designed four entrances at the east and west corners of the intersections with underground tunnels leading to the monument in the middle of the round-about. During the relocation, the Reich added a fourth tier to the column decorated with golden garlands to commemorate its rise to power. This relocation is credited with saving the Victory Column from total destruction as the Reichstag was a common aiming point for allied bombers and the primary target of the Russian advance into Berlin during WWII.

During the occupation after the war, the Victory Column was in the British-controlled sector of Berlin.  The French wanted the monument demolished but was vetoed by the American and British contingencies.  The French did take possession of many of the cannons and garlands, which were only recently returned to Germany during the column’s restoration. Despite restoration, you can still see remnants of small caliber bullet strikes on the monument incurred during the Battle of Berlin.

The street between the Brandenburg Gate and the Victory Column was renamed “Straße des 17. Juni” by West Berliners to commemorate the Workers’ Revolt in East Berlin, which took place on that date in 1953, and retains that name to this day.  17 June was even declared a national holiday in West Germany, but is now celebrated on October 3rd to coincide with the reunification of East and West Germany, often referred to as the Second Unification.  Now you know.

Getting Started / Welcome to Wolves of the Kriegsmarine
« Last post by BdU on 28-Oct-2018, 00:08:47 am »
Welkommen to the "Wolves of the Kriegsmarine" website.

If you intend to join, you will first need to register.  After you have done that, take a look around.

When you are ready to start, head on over to the 5. U-Flottille.  Kapitan.zS. Alfred Keitzer, our Chef der Organizationsabteillung (Head of Organizational Assignments) and Flottillenchef at 5. U-Flottille, has prepared a wealth of information that will be useful to get you on your way.  Once you are ready, he will notify me and I will have him post orders at 5. U-Flottille, which assign you to your operational unit and Front U-Boat.


Advanced Topics / The Infamous 57
« Last post by BdU on 27-Oct-2018, 18:32:00 pm »

  U-Boot    Type    Date Commissioned    Shipyard 
  U-25    1A    04/06/1936    Bremen 
  U-26    1A    05/06/1936    Bremen 
  U-1    2A    06/29/1935    Kiel 
  U-2    2A    07/25/1935    Kiel 
  U-3    2A    08/06/1935    Kiel 
  U-4    2A    08/17/1935    Kiel 
  U-5    2A    08/31/1935    Kiel 
  U-6    2A    09/07/1935    Kiel 
  U-7    2B    07/18/1935    Kiel 
  U-8    2B    08/05/1935    Kiel 
  U-9    2B    08/21/1935    Kiel 
  U-10    2B    09/09/1935    Kiel 
  U-11    2B    09/21/1935    Kiel 
  U-12    2B    09/30/1935    Kiel 
  U-13    2B    11/30/1935    Kiel 
  U-17    2B    12/03/1935    Lubeck 
  U-18    2B    01/04/1936    Lubeck 
  U-19    2B    01/16/1936    Lubeck 
  U-14    2B    01/18/1936    Kiel 
  U-20    2B    02/01/1936    Lubeck 
  U-15    2B    03/07/1936    Kiel 
  U-16    2B    05/16/1936    Kiel 
  U-21    2B    08/03/1936    Lubeck 
  U-22    2B    08/20/1936    Lubeck 
  U-23    2B    09/24/1936    Lubeck 
  U-24    2B    10/10/1936    Lubeck 
  U-56    2C    11/26/1938    Kiel 
  U-57    2C    12/29/1938    Kiel 
  U-58    2C    02/04/1939    Kiel 
  U-59    2C    03/04/1939    Kiel 
  U-60    2C    07/22/1939    Kiel 
  U-61    2C    08/12/1939    Kiel 
  U-33    7A    07/25/1936    Kiel 
  U-27    7A    08/12/1936    Kiel 
  U-28    7A    09/12/1936    Kiel 
  U-34    7A    09/12/1936    Kiel 
  U-30    7A    10/08/1936    Kiel 
  U-35    7A    11/03/1936    Kiel 
  U-29    7A    11/16/1936    Kiel 
  U-36    7A    12/16/1936    Kiel 
  U-31    7A    12/28/1936    Kiel 
  U-32    7A    04/15/1937    Kiel 
  U-45    7B    06/25/1938    Kiel 
  U-51    7B    08/06/1938    Kiel 
  U-46    7B    11/02/1938    Kiel 
  U-47    7B    12/17/1938    Kiel 
  U-52    7B    04/04/1939    Kiel 
  U-48    7B    04/22/1939    Kiel 
  U-53    7B    06/24/1939    Kiel 
  U-49    7B    08/12/1939    Kiel 
  U-37    IX    08/04/1938    Bremen 
  U-38    IX    10/24/1938    Bremen 
  U-39    IX    12/10/1938    Bremen 
  U-40    IX    02/11/1939    Bremen 
  U-41    IX    04/22/1939    Bremen 
  U-42    IX    07/15/1939    Bremen 
  U-43    IX    08/26/1939    Bremen 
Member Status - Soldbuchs / SOLDBUCHS
« Last post by BdU on 08-Oct-2017, 01:22:27 am »

KptLt.zS. Kurt Schantz
"Scheherazade" Night Club / Welcome to SCHEHERAZADE
« Last post by BdU on 07-Oct-2017, 13:40:59 pm »

Where the officers of the Kriegsmarine U-Bootwaffe gather to eat, drink,
role play, and discuss anything and everything.

This is a good place to introduce yourself and get to know the others.

If you have a specific question or issue, feel free to post it here under "Scheherazade"

Getting Started / Welcome to SMF!
« Last post by Simple Machines on 05-Oct-2017, 23:49:57 pm »
Welcome to Simple Machines Forum!

We hope you enjoy using your forum.  If you have any problems, please feel free to ask us for assistance.

Simple Machines
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